Democratic Politics


Chapter : 3. Outcomes of Democracy

Glossary (Outcomes of Democracy)

1. Outcome : Result, consequences or output.
2. Characteristics of Democracy : Promotes equality, enhances the dignity of the individual, improves the quality of decision making, provides methods to resolve conflicts, accommodates correct mistakes.
3. Alternative forms of government than democracy : Monarchy military rule by religious leaders.
4. Elements/constituents of democracy : Formal constitution, election, political parties, constitutional rights.
5. Monarchy : The government ruled by the monarch or king of the country i.e., monarch or king is the head of the country.
6. Dignity : The word denotes privileged position, honourable rank or importance given to any particular post or personating.
7. Outcome of democracy : Political equality and political justice social equality and social justice, economic equality and economic justice, dignity to the individual.
8. Measures for democratic outcome : Regular free and fair elections, open public debate on major policies, right to information given to the people.
9. Economic Development : It refers to the growth advancement of the country in the way of providing better facilities and services to the individual.
10. Transparency : Right or means to examine the process of decision making.
11. Accountable : Responsible, answerable, legitimate to the individual / post and their needs and expectations.
12. Poverty : It is a socio economic phenomenon which in general terms is the denial of opportunities to lead a long, healthy, creative life and to enjoy a decent standard of living.
13. Inequality : Absence of equal opportunities, equal treatment and equal status at any level, social economic or political is known as inequality.
14. Measures to sustain democracy :
♦ Unity in diversity
♦ Historical background of the country.
♦ Feeling of nationalism and patriotism
♦ peaceful co-existence
♦ Non-alignment
♦ International peace and understanding
15. Civil Liberties : These are privileges or rights thought to be valuable in themselves and important for the functioning of democratic.

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