Democratic Politics

Chapter : 1. Democracy In The Contemporary World

Glossary Democracy In The Contemporary World

1. Democracy : A form of government which is chosen by the people to work for their welfare and can be voted out by them.
2. Dictatorship : It is form of government in which a person or group of persons possess absolute power without effective constitutional limitations.
3. Solidarity : A trade union movement founded by Lech Walesa which helped to end communist rule in Poland.
4. Decolonisation : The process of transfer of power from the colonial powers to independent nations governments in Asia and Africa.
5. United Nations Organisation : An organisation founded in 1945 that includes most countries in the world and serves as a international forum to settle international disputes.
6. Veto : The special right to override the decision of the Security Council enjoyed by the five permanent members of the Security Council of United Nations.
7. Constitutional Monarchy : A government headed by a king or queen whose powers are limited by a constitution.
8. Revolution : The term means a recognised momentous change in the situation. A revolution can result in the sudden overthrow of an established government or system by force and bloodshot e.g., the French Revolution.
9. Glorious Revolution : In 1688 William III of Orange, the son-in-law of James II and ruler of Holland, became King of England without any bloodshed.
The unpopularity of James II prompted a group of politicians to invite William III to England. Ultimately due to evens following this revolution, England more or less became a constitutional monarchy.
10. World Trade Organisation : It was set up in 1995 by members of the United Nations to promote trade between countries.
11. Trade Union : An association of workers for the purpose of maintaining or improving their working conditions.
12. Strike : Mass refusal by workers or employees to perform work due to certain grievances or because demands are not being met.
13. Referendum : A direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to accept or reject a particular proposal. This is also called as Plebiscite.
14. Political Prisoners : Persons imprisoned or detained or kept under house arrest, because the government considers their ideas and activities a threat to its authority.
15. Coup : The sudden overthrow of a government which may or may not be violent in nature.
16. Coalition : An alliance of people, associations parties or nations which may be temporary or a matter of convenience.
17. Censorship : A condition under which the freedom of expression is taken away. Anything that the government finds objectionable cannot be published.

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