1. Indian Size & Location
India occupies the central peninsula of southern Asia. It consists of the main land and the two group of the Islands.
Andaman and Nicobar Island in the Bay of Bengal and Lakshadweep in the Arabian sea.
The mainland of India lies at the head of the Indian Ocean between 8.4º and 37.6º North latitudes and 68.7º and 97.25º longitude.
India entirely lies to the north of the equator. The tropic of cancer 23.30º N passes nearly midway across India and divides it into two halves.
Standard Meridian Of India And Its Value
India lies to the east of the Prime Meridian between 68º7’ to 97º25’ East longitude. To follow one timings, India has accepted to 82º30’ E longitude as the Standard Meridian of India. The local time at this meridian has been accepted as the Indian Standard Time throughout India.
Implication Of The Tropic Of Cancer
1. Tropic of Cancer divides the country into almost two equal parts or two separate climatic zones.
2. Southern parts of India lie with in the tropic of cancer and are rationally hotter than northern parts, the latter belongs to the sub-tropical or the warm tropical zone of the northern hemisphere.
3. The areas lying to the north of the Tropic of Cancer will never have the mid day sun over head while in areas to the south of the tropic of cancer the sun will be exactly overhead at least twice in a year.