Latest Questions UpdateCategory: QuestionsHow is food transported in plants?
Rajiv Sharma asked 3 years ago

How is food transported in plants?

2 Answers
Education Desk Staff answered 3 years ago

Transportation is a vital process in all living organism and is involved in the movement of water, minerals and other necessary nutrients to all parts of the plant. Translocation is defined as the process of transport of food from the leaves to other parts of the plant.

In plants, the synthesised food molecules by the leaves are transported to the different storage organs- roots, stem, fruits with the help of vascular tissue called phloem. The phloems are the complex living tissue present in all vascular plants and are mainly composed of different specialized cells called such as-companion cells, phloem fibres, phloem parenchyma cells and sieve tubes.

Education Desk Staff answered 1 year ago

Food is transported in plants through a system of tissues known as the phloem. The phloem is made up of specialized cells called sieve tubes, which are interconnected to form long tubes that extend from the leaves down to the roots and other parts of the plant.

The food transported through the phloem is in the form of a sugar-rich solution called sap. This sap is produced in the leaves through the process of photosynthesis, where carbon dioxide from the air and water from the soil are combined using sunlight to produce glucose (a type of sugar) and oxygen. The glucose is then transported from the leaves to other parts of the plant through the phloem.

The movement of sap through the phloem is driven by a process known as translocation. This involves the active transport of sugars from source tissues (such as the leaves) to sink tissues (such as developing fruits or roots) through the phloem. The movement of sugars is powered by energy from ATP, which is produced by the plant during respiration.

Overall, the transport of food in plants is a crucial process for their survival and growth, as it allows them to distribute the sugars produced in their leaves to other parts of the plant where they are needed for energy or growth.